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活性炭用在鋰離子電容器中的陰極
文章作者:博猫娱乐注册網絡部 更新時間:2020-12-31 16:46:09

  活性炭用在鋰離子電容器中的陰極

  YOUYUDIANZISHEBEIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,TONGSHIJUYOUGAONENGLIANGHEGONGLVMIDUCHUNENGXITONGYIJINGXIYINLEJIDADEGUANZHU。JINNIANLAI,YOUYULILIZIQIANRU/TUOQIANDAODIANJICAILIAOZHONGDEJILI,LILIZIDIANCHIJU​​YOUHENGAODENENGLIANGMIDU,YIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUWOMENDERICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG。LILIZIHUNHEDIANRONGQITONGSHIYEBEIRENWEISHIHENYOUQIANTUDEXIAYIDAICHUNENGSHEBEIZHIYI,RANERJUYOUDICHENGBENHEYOUYIXUNHUANWENDINGXINGDEHUOXINGTANCAILIAOBEIGUANGFANYONGZUOLILIZIHUNHEDIANRONGQIDEYINJICAILIAO。

  JUYOUWEIKONGJIEGOUDEHUOXINGTANCAILIAOYONGZUODEYINJICAILIAOSHI,JUYOUCHUSEDEKEXUNHUANXINGHECHUSEDEGONGLVXINGNENG,RUGUOHULVELEQIXIANGDUIJIAODIDENENGLIANGMIDU,ZEBIAOMINGDIANCHIDELIXIANGXUANZE。YINCI,TIGAOHUOXINGTANNENGLIANGMIDUDEJIANBIANYOUXIAOFANGFADUICUJINGAOXINGNENGLILIZIDIANRONGQIDEGUANGFANYINGYONGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。ZAIZHEXIANGGONGZUOZHONG,TONGGUOJIANGHUOXINGTANYUDIANCHIXINGZUJIANNANAMIDAI(NaVO)JIEHEZAIYIQI,SHEJILEYIZHONGHUNHEYINJI。GENJUYANGDEBAOGAO,TONGGUOFANGBIANDESHUIREFAZHIBEINaVOCAILIAO,RANHOUJINXINGTUIHUO。YOUYULIANGZHONGLILIZICUNCHUJIZHIDEJIEHE,HUOXINGTANZAHUAWUXIANSHICHUGAOBIRONGLIANGHECHUSEDEXUNHUANWENDINGXING。

  活性炭的形態與理化特性

  YANGPINDEXRDTUPUXIANSHIZAITU1aZHONG。SUOYOUYANGPINJUNXIANSHICHUYUCHUNNaVOXIANGTONGDEJIANFENG,ZHISHIWEINaDEDANXIEJINGXIANG。CIWAI,HUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDEXRDTUPUZAIDAYUE24°HE44°CHUXIANSHILIANGGEKUANDEYANSHEFENG,FENBIEDUIYINGYUHUOXINGTANFEIJINGJIEGOUDE(002)HE(100)YANSHE。MEIYOUGUANCHADAOQITAFENG,BIAOMINGYANGPINDEGAOCHUNDU。NaVOSHIYIWEINAMIDAICU,PINGJUNKUANDUYUE180nm,JUYOUGUANGHUADEBIAOMIANHEXIANGDUIJUNYUNDEFANGXIANG(TU1b)。RUZAISUOSHITU1C,HUOXINGTANSHIYUJIGEWEIMIDEPINGJUNCHICUNDEKELI。MINGXIANDESHI,NaVONAMIDAIHEHUOXINGTANKELIHUNHELIANGHAO(TU1d)。JINXINGLEGAOFENBIANLVTOUSHEDIANZIXIANWEIJINGHEXUANZEQUYUDIANZIYANSHE,YIJINYIBUYANJIUJIEGOUDEXIJIE(TU1e)。d=3.40ÅDECENGJIANJUDUIYINGYUNaVODE(-111)JINGMIAN,ZHEYUXRDJIEGUOYIZHI。

  TU1:(a)NaVOHEHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDEXRDTUPU,(b–d)NaVONAMIDAI,HUOXINGTANHEHUOXINGTANDESEMTUXIANG,(e)NaVONAMIDAIDEHR-TEMXIANWEIZHAOPIAN,(f)NaVOHEHUOXINGTANDELAMANGUANGPU。

  活性炭在半電池中作為陰極的電化學性能

  ZHIBEILEDAIYOULIJINSHUDUIDIANJIDELILIZIBANDIANCHI,YICELIANGZUOWEIYINJICAILIAODEYANGPINDEDIANHUAXUEXINGNENG。TU2aXIANSHILEHUOXINGTANHENaVOHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDECVQUXIAN,SAOMIAOSULVWEI0.5mV s-1。YP50DDECVQUXIANJUYOUBIAOZHUNDEJUXINGXINGZHUANG,ERHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDESUOYOUCVQUXIANJUNXIANSHISANGEMINGXIANDEHUANYUANFENG,FENBIEWEIYU3.25V,2.86VHE2.37VFUJIN。LILIZIDEDUOBUCHACENG。GURONGTIZHUANBIANYOUZHUYUZAI3.25VCHUXIANFENG。HUANGUANCHADAOLIANGGEWEIYU3.03VHE3.05VDEYANGJIFENG,DUIYINGYULILIZIDETUOQIAN。

  TU2:HUOXINGTANHEHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUZAI1.5ZHI4VDEBANDIANCHICESHIZHONGDEDIANHUAXUEXINGNENG。(a)SUOYOUYANGPINZAI0.5mV s-1DESAOMIAOSULVXIADEXUNHUANFUAN(CV)QUXIAN,(b)HUOXINGTANZAHUAWU1ZHI50mV s-1ZHIJIANDEBUTONGSAOMIAOSULVXIADECVQUXIAN,(c)HUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDEKUOSANKONGZHIFALADIGUOCHENGHEDIANRONGGUOCHENGDEGONGXIANLV,(d)ZAI0.05A g-1DEDIANLIUMIDUXIASUOYOUYANGPINDEHENGDIANLIUCHONG/FANGDIAN(GCD)QUXIAN。

  CIWAI,DANGNaVOHANLIANGZENGJIASHI,CVQUXIANXIANSHICHUJIAODADEMIANJI,BIAOMINGZENGJIADEYANGHUAHUANYUANFANYINGKETIGONGGENGGAODERONGLIANG。TU1bXIANSHILESUOYOUYANGPINZAIBUTONGSAOMIAOSULV(CONG1DAO50mV s-1)XIADECVQUXIAN。SUIZHUSAOMIAOSULVDEZENGJIA,YANGHUAHUANYUANFENGFASHENGQINGWEIYIDONG,BINGQIECVQUXIANDEXINGZHUANGDEDAOHENHAODEBAOLIU,ZHEBIAOMINGLECHUSEDEFANYINGDONGLIXUEHECHUSEDESULVXINGNENG。CIWAI,ZAIDADIANLIUMIDUXIAHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUDECVQUXIANWEIZHUNJUXING,YANGHUAHUANYUANFENGBUMINGXIAN,YUHUOXINGTANDECVQUXIANXIANGSI,BIAOMINGDIANRONGXINGXINGWEIZHANZHUDAO,DIANCHIXINGWEIYEDUIRONGLIANGYOUGONGXIAN。

  ZAIZHEXIANGGONGZUOZHONG,TONGGUODIANXINGDESHUIREFAHESUIHOUDETUIHUOGONGYIHECHENGLENaVONAMIDAI,YITIGAOHUOXINGTANZAIYONGZUOLILIZIHUNHEDIANRONGQIDEYINJISHIDENENGLIANGMIDU。DEYIYUDIANRONGGUOCHENGHEKUOSANKONGZHIDEFALADIGUOCHENGDEXIETONGZUOYONG,HUNHEYINJIHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUXIANSHICHUGAORONGLIANGHECHUSEDEXUNHUANWENDINGXING。ZAIYULIHUAHOU,SHIYONGHUOXINGTANZAHUAWUHUNHEYINJIHERENZAOSHIMOYANGJIZUZHUANGLILIZIDIANRONGQI,ZAIGAONENGLIANGMIDUJISHICHAOGAOGONGLVMIDUXIAYESHIRUCI。5000CIXUNHUANHOU,DIANRONGBAOCHILVDADAOLEYUE70%DECHUSEXUNHUANWENDINGXING。YISHANGJIEGUOZHENGSHILEHUOXINGTANZUOWEIGAOXINGNENGLILIZIDIANRONGQIDEQIANZAIHOUXUANYINJICAILIAO。TONGSHI,SUOZHENGMINGDENENGLIANGHEGONGLVMIDUZHENGMINGLESHIYONGYOUHUOXINGTANHESHAOLIANGGAONENGDIANCHIXINGCAILIAOZUCHENGDEHUNHEYINJIYIDICHENGBENZHIBEIXIANJINDECHUNENGZHUANGZHIDEKENENGXING。

文章標簽:椰殼活性炭,果殼活性炭,煤質活性炭,木質活性炭,蜂窩活性炭,凈水活性炭.

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